Champion T, Atkins D. Migration between metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in England and Wales. In: Creeser R, Gleave S, editors. Migration Within England and Wales Using the Longitudinal Study, ONS Series LS, No. 9. London: The Stationery Office; 2000. p. 1-15.

This paper considers the propensities of LS members to move between metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in the periods 1971-81 and 1981-91 and the extent to which this varied by age, ethnic group, housing tenure and labour market position. The authors used a geographical framework that treated Greater London and the six metropolitan counties (Greater Manchester, Merseyside, South Yorkshire, Tyne and Wear, West Midlands and West Yorkshire) as a single metropolitan group. The remaining non-metropolitan counties of England and Wales were defined as either 'high' or 'low' density according to whether their 1991 population density was above or below 240 persons per square kilometre. The authors found, in terms of overall numbers of migrants, a clear counterurbanisation relationship for both 1971-81 and 1981-91, with a somewhat lower scale of met migration across the metropolitan/non-metropolitan dimension in the more recent decade.